• The facts
TE-G facts
• Key notions & vocabulary

seapower : state with the sea at the heart of its identity and pride, security and power.
maritime power : total national engagement with the sea, the capacity to operate there and the ability to exploit it.
dependent territories : the UK is responsible for their defence and international representation but they have their own government and laws. They include 3 Crown Dependencies (CDs) in the Channel and 14 Overseas Territories (OTs) in the Mediterranean and Caribbean, in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans, and the Antarctic.
maritime territory : territorial sea from the coast to 12 nautical miles, exclusive economic zone (EEZ) up to 200 nautical miles from the coast, and the high sea, established by the 1982 United Nations Convention.

sea power : means by which a nation extends its military power onto the seas.
projection power, blue-water capability : the military ability to operate on the high seas far from its home bases.
hard power : the threat or use of military or economic coercion or physical effect to achieve influence.
soft power : the ability to persuade or encourage others to adopt an alternative approach.
deterrence : the potential use of nuclear or conventional hard power.
multilateralism : foreign policy consisting in co-operating, collaborating with others states.

International Maritime Organisation (IMO) : a London-based United Nations specialised agency responsible for regulating shipping.
ocean economy : the activities of ocean-based industries and their links to marine ecosystems.
blue tourism : maritime tourism and leisure.

Blue Economy : the sustainable use of ocean resources, i.e. for economic growth, improved livelihoods while preserving marine and coastal ecosystem.
Marine Protected Area (MPA), Blue Belt programme : restricts fishing, oil and gas mining and/or tourism to protect marine ecosystems.

2E notions: globalisation, sustainable/unsustainable development, environmental & energy transition, climate change, pressure on resources, ecotourism, Commonwealth & 1E notions: hub, cluster, soft power, Brexit.