THE UK, A MARITIME POWER? • • METHOD 2

Stage 1 - Introduction: presenting the documents
Similarities: Both documents deal with UK’s changing relationship to the sea to stay a maritime power that is to say ...def... on a national (UK & OTs) scale. They come from the same report entitled Foresight Future of the Sea by the gvt chief scientific adviser published by the Gvt Office for Science in 2018.
Differences: The 1st document focuses on UK’s strategy whereas the 2nd one is a bar graph showing maritime industries jobs & value added.
Announce structure: In a 1st part we’ll see that the sea is essential to the UK & in a 2nd part I’ll analyse how the UK needs to adapt.

Stage 2 - Analysing the documents

DESCRIBING - What you see (docs)
INTERPRETING - What you know (facts & notions)
1. The sea, essential to the UK with §1 & the bar graph

P1. A source of mostly economic wealth :
Sea essential to the UK and the OTs = eco wealth in traditional and emerging sectors + environmental = source of beauty and life
Bar graph shows eco wealth in trad. sectors : marine tourism (>200 000 jobs), shipping (>150 000 jobs) & ports (nearly 1250 000 jobs)

- The UK a seapower (def) + OTs (def)
Ocean economy (def) + blue tourism (def) + relies on maritime transport for 95% of its trade in goods (facts)
- Maritime sectors : marine tourism (cruising & chartering) and shipping (UK flag attracting high quality ships) going premium and ports upgrading (London Gateway 2013) to stay competitive (facts)

2. But the UK needs to adapt : threats => more sustainability thanks to §2 & graph

P2 But maritime environment threatened
by climate change, pollution, fishing
=> UK need to adopt more sustainable practices : new maritime sectors, reduce risks (/climate, pollution, resources overuse) & protect the environment
Bar graph shows this change : for instance shifting from offshore oil & gas (25 billion £ direct GVA) to offshore renewables (1 billion £)

- Threats : small islands “drowning” as sea rises, pollution like in Pitcairn Henderson Island (highest world plastic density) or UK fishing victim of Brexit (facts)
=> Adaptation : blue economy (def) boosted by UK environmental diplomacy (minus 50% of GHG emissions) (facts) + more environmental protection with Blue belt /UK & MPAS /OTs (facts)
=> good for the enviro, the eco but also for UK’s image so soft power (def)

Stage 3 - Concluding
Assess docs (reliable/biased justified): To conclude, these documents are reliable reliable as we have their full references and both unbiased as they describes the facts (+ & -) or give figures.
Sum-up ideas These docs show that UK’s power depends on maritime economy and environment which is why it needs to adopt more sustainable practices to reduce maritime risks and boost its economy - and good image.
+ Open
We may wonder in what way UK’s hard power also depends on the sea.