THE RULE OF LAW

Method: Commenting on 2 documents

Stage 1: Introduction - Presenting the documents
Say what the docs have in common, usually the topic (in the guideline) and the context (but not here).
+ Define notion(s) in the guideline, the title (here "monarchy" in the guideline).
Both documents describe the evolution of the British monarchy, that is to say a political regime with a hereditary head of state, a monarch.
Give the differences between the docs, rephrase the references of each document.
The first document is a diagram showing UK parliamentary monarchy as it was set up by the Declaration of Rights in 1689 whereas the second document is an article by Jon Stone from BBC News published on 13 July 2016 about David Cameron's resignation.
Give the structure, usually one part for each document.
In a first part, we are going to describe the British monarchy at its beginning in 1689 and in a second part we will show how it adapted, how it evolved

Stage 2: Analysing the documents
Analyzing a text.
Analyse the text paragraph by paragraph to follow its logic.
Give a title (= the main idea) to each paragraph.
Rephrase what each paragrapoh says with synonyms to show you understand what it means.

 DESCRIBE THE DOCS
What you see (=DOCS)
 INTERPRET THE DOCS
What you know (=NOTIONS)

1. FIRST PART : THE BRITISH MONARCHY IN 1689 (Doc.1)

Diagram:
The 3 powers :
- the executive power is held by ... (describe what you see on the diagram)
- the legislative power is held by ... (describe what you see on the diagram)
- the judicial power is held by ... (describe what you see on the diagram)
+ Election : less than 5% of the population elect the House of Commons, it's a restricted franchise

=> Notion 1 : the separation of powers. Give the full definition given in the Recap I.2.
& Notion 2 : a parliamentary monarchy. Give the full definition given in the Recap I.3. In the UK

+ Notion 3 : the sovereignty of the people. Give the full definition given in the Recap I.4.
& Notion 4 : But not a democracy. Give the full definition given in the Recap II.1.

2. SECOND PART : THE BRITISH MONARCHY NOWADAYS (Doc.2)
Article:
P1 (title) Cameron's resignation
-(Rephrasing) David Cameron resigned as prime ministre and went to see the Queen to inform her.
P2 (main idea) Theresa May, the new PM
-(Rephrasing) She became the new PM and went to see the Queen to be confirmed by the head of state even if she has no power.
P3 (title) The last royal intervertion
-(Rephrasing) After the Brexit, the Queen delivered a speech for the the British to stay "calm".

=> Notion 5 : a powerless Queen. Use what was said in the 1st paragraphs of Recap II.2. The Queen's role

=> Notion 6 : but a major symbol. Use what was said in the last paragraphs of Recap II.2. The Queen's role

Stage 3: Concluding
Assess the documents, say if the documents are reliable or not and biased or not without forgetting to justify your choice.
To conclude, the diagram is reliable because it represents the UK constitution. It's unbiased as it just gives the facts. The article is reliable too as we have its full references and it's also unbiased because the journalist describes what happened without giving his opinion.
Sum-up the main ideas, recap what the 2 documents showed you.
To recap, these 2 documents show that the Queen no longer has any power over the PM and that even in 1689 the British parliamentary monarchy respected the rule of law.
+ Opening, open on a related topic you are interested in / you know a lot about, to prompt the examiner into asking you questions on this particular topic.
We explained how the British monarchy evolved, what about the US republic ?