Histoire CS1 - LEAVING HOME FOR AMERICA
What were the reasons for immigration from Europe to the USA?

I. Leaving home: push factors
1. Economic crisis
In Ireland, potato output (production) sharply fell ; consequently farmers’ income and standard of living (see def. in Geo intro) fell which is why they wanted to leave their land = push factor (see def. in Intro).
2. Social inequality
Some families suffered from malnutrition, homelessness and had to beg in the streets to survive. This bad quality of life (see def. in Geo intro) explains why they wanted to emigrate = push factor (see def. in Intro).
3. Political oppression
When European states didn’t respect the rule of law (see def. in Intro), their people were deprived of rights and liberties, which caused their emigration = push factor (see def. in Intro).

II. Going to America : pull factors
1. Economic opportunities
Workers wanted to immigrate to the USA as they knew they could get jobs and better wages and consequently a higher standard of living (see def. in Geo intro) = pull factor (see def. in Intro).
2. Social improvement
Immigrants hoped to offer their families a better quality of life (see def. in Geo intro) with comfortable housing and plentiful food = pull factor (see def. in Intro).
3. Political rights
Immigrants were attracted to the USA because it respected the rule of law (see def. in Intro) as it was a democracy and the land of freedom, symbolized by the statue of Liberty = pull factor (see def. in Intro).