FROM UNSUSTAINABLE TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Introduction

2. Defining key notions

Notions

Croissance économique:

Equité sociale:

Equilibre environnemental:

Durable /pas durable:

Niveau de vie:

Qualité de vie:

 

Vocabulary

Richesse / pauvreté:

Croissance / crise:

Revenu:

Salaire:

Santé:

Logement:

Bio:

DEVELOP-MENT = Economic growth: producing & sharing wealth + Social equity:
fair access to basic services
+ Environmental balance: good ecosystem management => Impact
Unsustainable practices To suffer from, to cause:

 

bad, worse
low, lower

economic crisis, depression social inequality, instability environmental degradation, damage, destruction
For example, for instance,

standard of living (eco-socio): material comfort of a population

quality of life (socio-enviro): well-being of a population

poverty, low income & wages, unemployment malnutrition (insufficient or unbalanced diet), emigration pollution, deforestation
Sustainable practices To promote, to achieve:
economic growth, prosperity social equality, equity environmental conservation, protection, preservation
For example, for instance,

good, better
high, higher

 

 

wealth, high income, new jobs, better wages better health, education, housing organic (natural, without agrichemicals) farming, reforestation

=> Sustainable development = economic growth + social equality + environmental protection
=> Unsustainable development = economic crisis + social inequality + environmental damage

Types of countries
- Developed countries that is to say with a high income, and HDI (income, health, education)
- Developing countries that is to say with a medium or low income and HDI
- Emerging countries that is to say the most powerful developing countries like the BRICSAM (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa, Mexico)