Histoire THE AGE OF REVOLUTIONS 1642-1791• • METHOD 2

Stage 1 - Introduction: presenting the documents
Similarities: Both documents deal with the end of British domination in America, in the age of Revolutions, 1642-1791, at the time of the American Revolution, 1775-1791.
Differences: The 1st document is a declaration about the independence of the 13 British colonies by the Continental Congress & written on 4 July 1776. The 2nd document is an engraving showing the horse America throwing its master George III published in London on 1 August 1779.
Announce structure: In a 1st part I’ll analyse American justifications & in a 2nd part I’ll explain American independence.

Stage 2 - Analysing the documents

DESCRIBING - What you see (docs)
INTERPRETING - What you know (notions)
1. Justifications (why) with declaration §1

Declaration P1 What Britain did to its colonies:
- In general, if a government is oppressive, the people have the right to change it.
- More precisely, Britain oppressed its colonies on fiscal matters.

Right to rebel (def) because tyranny (def) because unfair fiscal policy (def) because no representation (def)

2. Independence (how) with declaration §2 & engraving

Declaration P2 The subsequent US decision: the colonies assert their independence.
Engraving shows US action : angry kicking horse representing the USA causing King George III representing Britain to fall

- From colonies (def) to states (def)
- War of Independence (dates), civil war (adapted def)
= revolution (def)

Stage 3 - Concluding
Assess docs (reliable/biased justified): To conclude, these documents are reliable as we have their full references ; both are biased as we can see the authors' opinion (against the British, for the Americans).
Sum-up ideas These docs show that, because British colonists felt oppressed, they decided to end British domination et become independent.
+ Open
We may wonder what type of government the Americans are going to set up when they really become independent in 1783.