Histoire THE AGE OF REVOLUTIONS 1642-1791• • METHOD 1

Stage 1 - Introduction: presenting the documents
Similarities: Both documents deal with the fall of the monarchy in the UK , in the age of Revolutions, 1642-1791, at the time of the 1st English Revolution 1642-1660.
Differences: The 1st document is an act, a law about judging the king of England by Parliament & passed on 20 January 1649. The 2nd document is an engraving showing the execution of Charles I published in The murderous tragedy, in Amsterdam in 1649.
Announce structure: In a 1st part I’ll analyse the reasons for & in a 2nd part I’ll focus on the execution of Charles I.

Stage 2 - Analysing the documents

DESCRIBING - What you see (docs)
INTERPRETING - What you know (notions)
1. The reasons, the accusations (why the monarchy fell) with act §1

Act P1 What the king is accused, guilty of
- Firstly, Charles I didn’t respect the political and religious rights of the British people.
- Secondly he is responsible for the civil war against parliament.

- Arbitrary power (def), tyranny (def), against Parliament and Puritans = for absolute monarchy (def)
- Civil war (dates, adapted def)

2. The execution (how the monarchy fell) with act §2 & engraving

Act P2 Consequently: Charles I should be severely punished.
Engraving describes the punishment: death. The executioner carrying his axe in the right hand is holding and showing the king’s head: Charles I was beheaded.

- End of monarchy (def)
=> Beginning of republic (def)
= revolution (def)

Stage 3 - Concluding
Assess docs (reliable/biased justified): To conclude, these documents are reliable as we have their full references ; the act is biased (Parliament’s point of view) whereas the engraving is unbiased as we can’t see the authors’ opinion (shows what happened).
Sum-up ideas These docs show how Parliament accused King Charles I and executed him causing the fall of the monarchy in Britain in 1649.
+ Open
We may wonder if the republic was a success as Britain is a monarchy today.