Histoire THE AGE OF REVOLUTIONS 1642-1791• • HISTORY TEST

Stage 1 - Introduction: presenting the documents
Similarities: Both documents deal with changing the monarchy in England, in the Age of Revolutions 1642-1791, at the time of the Glorious Rv of 1988.
Differences: The 1st document is an engraving about the arrival of William of Orange in London by Romeyn de Hooghe published in 1689. The 2nd document is the Declaration of Rights about the new English monarchy by Parliamentwritten on 6 February. 1689.
Announce structure: In a 1st part I’ll analyse the reasons for & in a 2nd part I’ll study the consequence of changing the monarchy.

Stage 2 - Analysing the documents

DESCRIBING - What you see (docs)
INTERPRETING - What you know (notions)
1.The reasons for the Revolution thank to the engraving & declaration §1

Engraving William of Orange : a saviour. Some fight but the Prince is welcomed by the population
P1 because he replaced a tyrannical king. William of Orange delivered England from James II who fled for political and religious reasons

- Revolution (def), right to rebel (def) but no civil war (def)

- Religious problem : Popery (def), James II was a Catholic and the head of the Church of England + political tension : arbitrary power (def), absolute monarchy (def)

2. The consequences of the Revolution : a new limited monarchy with the text §2 & §3

=> Parliament set up a new political regime:
P2
Parliament, so the people, limits royal power
P3 William and Mary are the new monarchs after accepting this declaration, this deal.

- Representation of the people (def) & new limited monarchy (def), separation of powers (def)
=> New monarchs : both Protestant & Mary a Stuart + signed the Declaration.


Stage 3 - Concluding
Assess docs (reliable/biased justified): To conclude, these documents are reliable as we have their full references. Both docs are unbiased as we can’t see the author’s opinion as they describe what actually happened. (I also accepted : doc.2 is biased as the author is Parliament, so against James II and for the new monarchs, William III & Mary II.
Sum-up ideas These docs show the political and religious reasons for changing the English monarchy and its consequences : new monarchs with limited powers.
+ Open (bonus)
We may wonder if the American Revolution was as successful nearly one century later.
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