Histoire THE AGE OF REVOLUTIONS 1642-1791• • HISTORY TEST 1 (2D01-2D06)

History test

Stage 1 - Introduction: presenting the documents
Similarities: Both documents deal with changing the monarchy in England, in the Age of Revolutions 1642-1791, at the time of the Glorious Rv of 1988.
Differences: The 1st document is an engraving about the arrival of William of Orange in London by Romeyn de Hooghe published in 1689. The 2nd document is the Declaration of rights about the new English monarchy by Parliamentwritten on 6 February. 1689.
Announce structure: In a 1st part I’ll analyse the reasons for & in a 2nd part I’ll study the consequence of changing the monarchy.

Stage 2 - Analysing the documents

DESCRIBING - What you see (docs)
INTERPRETING - What you know (notions)
1.The reasons for the Revolution engraving & declaration §1

Engraving William of Orange : a saviour. Some fight but the Prince is welcomed by the population
P1 because he replaced a tyrannic king. William of Orange delivered England from James II who fled for political and religious reasons

- Revolution (def) but no civil war (def)

- Religious problem : Popery (def), James II was a Catholic and the head of the Church of England + political tension : arbitrary power (def)

2. The consequences of the Revolution text §2 & §3

=> Parliament set up a new political regime:
Parliament, so the people, limits royal power
P3 William and Mary are the new monarchs after accepting this declaration.

- Representation of the people (def) & new limited monarchy (def)
=> New monarchs : both Protestant & Mary a Stuart + signed the Declaration.

Note: I also accepted another structure : Reasons with P1 of the declaration & Consequences with the engraving + P2 & P3 of the declaration.

Stage 3 - Concluding
Assess docs (reliable/biased justified): To conclude, these documents are reliable as we have their full references. Doc. 1 is unbiased as we can’t see the author’s opinion but doc.2 is biased as the author is against James II and supports the new monarchs.
Sum-up ideas These docs show the political and religious reasons for changing the monarchy and its consequences : new monarchs with limited powers.
+ Open (bonus)
We may wonder if the American Revolution was as successful.