A CHANGING WORLD • • Method 1 - Commenting on a text & a cartoon

Stage 1 - Introduction: presenting the documents
Similarities: Both documents deal with sustainable development in the world, so on a world/global scale in both developed and developing countries.
Differences: The 1st document is a foreword (introduction) about sustainable development by Antonio Guterres, United Nations Secretary-General (leader) published in Sustainable Development Report in 2019 -probably by the U.N.. The 2nd document is a cartoon about unsustainable development by Zapiro and published in the Los Angeles Times on the 28th August 2012.
Announce structure: In a 1st part I’ll show that SD is progressing & in a 2nd part I’ll analyse the challenges it faces.

Stage 2 - Analysing the documents

DESCRIBING - What you see (docs)
INTERPRETING - What you know (notions)
1. Sustainable development is progressing (text §1 & §2)

Text P1 U.N.'s goal: economic prosperity benefitting all the world population and the planet too
Text P2 Countries' progress: less extreme poverty and actions to protect the planet and manage urbanisation

- Sustainable dvpt (give the definition),

- Environmental transition(def),
- urban transition (def).

2. But SD still faces challenges (text §3 & cartoon)

Text P3 Two major challenges: climate change and world inequalities.
Cartoon describes inequality: character worried, surprised because he has (top) a big, muscled, and strong body (North) but (bottom) legs so thin that they are shaking (South)

- Climate change (def)

- Developed (def) countries & developing (def) countries. Note: the cartoonist forgot emerging countries (def)
=> unsustainable dvpt (def)

Stage 3 - Concluding
Assess docs (reliable/biased justified): To conclude, these documents are reliable as we have their full references ; the first document is unbiased as we can't see the author's opinion (both + and - = balanced) whereas the cartoon is biased as we can see the author's opinion (opposition, criticism).
Sum-up ideas These docs show that SD is improving thanks to United Nations and countries actions but urgent challenges remain to reduce unsustainable development.
+ Open
We may wonder if SD can be achieved on a local scale, a city for example.