CS4 - The 2012 London Olympics in Stratford (Newham): sustainable regeneration (2005-2015)
What are the challenges and effects of Newham regeneration?

1. The need for regeneration
• Environmental challenge:
UK’s most cosmopolitan diverse community with 18 ethnic groups (majority from the Indian subcontinent)
But living in a dirty, dangerous, depressing landscape: brownfield site with derelict industry, water pollution & waste mismanagement => low quality of life
• Social issue:
Temporary or social housing with travellers camp and high-rise towers without amenities in a neglected environment => more unemployed, unhealthy, isolated
=> low standard of living and quality of life, social deprivation
• Economic challenge:
Newham more deprived than London & England => low income due to unemployment or unskilled & low wage local manufacturing or service jobs
Regenerat° relocated these activities => More unemployed local people => Even lower standard of living

2. The impact of sustainable regeneration
• Economic growth:
- The locals benefited from temporary jobs but only 15% kept permanent jobs => minority of locals with a higher standard of living
But new high-tech digital cluster (highly-skilled professionals) attracted by new amenities & connectivity
=> Economic divide
• Social inclusion for now:
Most of the Olympic Village was converted into decent & affordable housing with local amenities in a green environment
=> high quality of life
But the professional newcomers will probably cause a rise in housing price
• Environmental focus:
- More than 95% Games spectators used public mass transport (bus, rail & tube), cycled or walked to limit pollution.
- Olympic Park : new urban green space with protected ecosystems
=> better quality of life