CS4 - The 2012 London Olympics in Stratford (Newham): sustainable regeneration (2005-2015)
What are the challenges and effects of Newham regeneration?

1. The need for regeneration
• A vibrant community:
UK’s most cosmopolitan, diverse borough with 18 ethnic groups (majority from the Indian subcontinent) with no racial or social prejudice and an active solidarity, community involvement
despite economic (high unemployment, poverty) and social (low health and education) deprivation.
• A low quality of life:
Social deprivation: more unhealthy, unemployed, isolated residents living in social housing (council estates)/
A damaged environment: dirty, dangerous, depressing landscape: brownfield site with derelict industry, water pollution & waste mismanagement.
• Economic crisis:
Newham more deprived than London & England => low income due to unemployment or unskilled jobs & low wages in local manufacturing or service businesses
Regeneration displaced these activities => more unemployed local people => even lower standard of living

2. The impact of sustainable regeneration
• Economic growth:
The locals benefited from temporary jobs but only 15% kept permanent jobs => minority of locals with a higher standard of living
But new high-tech digital cluster (highly-skilled professionals) attracted by new amenities & connectivity
=> Economic divide
• Social inclusion for now:
Most of the Olympic Village was converted into decent & affordable housing with local amenities in a green environment => high quality of life
But the professional new incomers will probably cause a rise in housing price
• Environmental focus:
More than 95% Games spectators used public mass transport (bus, rail & tube), cycled or walked to limit pollution
+ Olympic Park : new urban green space with protected ecosystems
=> Better quality of life