CS2 - Living in London’s urban sprawl
Can urban sprawl be managed?

1. Management on a local scale: BedZed (Sutton, 2000-2002)
• Mixed economic result:
Regeneration with mixed-use housing (residential & commercial)
But economic failure: unattractive workplaces converted into housing but local farmers increased their sales
=> improved local economy
but residents probably still commute to London
• Social inclusion:
Mixed housing both expensive and affordable => mixed population from low to high income groups => inclusive neighbourhood
with a good quality of life: private & public green space and social & leisure amenities.
• Environmental success:
Greener commuting:
- a minority driving to work with some sharing cars, using a car pool
- a large majority using public (train, bus, tram) or clean (foot, bike) transports => less congestion & pollution
But no local retail => still shopping by car

2. Management on a regional scale: the Thames Gateway (2003-2013)
• Thames Gateway plan
Regenerating the Thames estuary to manage London’s urban sprawl
by creating new jobs and housing and improving transport links but environmental issues => unsustainable from the start
• The estuary low quality of life
- derelict brownfield sites due to former manufacturing economy
- social housing to accommodate low-income victims of London East End regeneration
=> difficult to gentrify even with green, well-connected, new housing and amenities
• A too ambitious plan
Deprived communities => much needed regeneration
But unrealistic aims in housing and jobs: impossible to shift London’s urban system, to stop commuting + disparate regeneration sites
=> failure on a regional scale but local success as London Gateway new container port