The Industrial Age 1815-1914 • • METHOD 2

Stage 1 - Introduction: presenting the documents
Similarities: Both documents deal with British & American colonial expansion, in the Industrial Age 1815-1914, at the time of the 2nd IR, at the end of the 19th century.
Differences: The 1st document is a cartoon, an engraving showing the white man's burden's by Victor Gillam & published in Judge magazine on 1 April 1899. The 2nd document is a speech about the March of the Flag by Albert J. Beveridge delivered on Sept. 16, 1898.
Announce structure: In a 1st part I’ll focus on the justifications for colonisation & in a 2nd part I’ll describe colonial expansion.

Stage 2 - Analysing the documents

DESCRIBING - What you see (docs)
INTERPRETING - What you know (notions)
1. The justifications using doc.1 & doc.2 §1 + end of §3

Social reason. Engraving: John Bull & Uncle Sam carrying native peoples climbing rocks engraved with “barbarism, etc” all negative to reach the woman at the top = civilization.
Economic reason. Speech P1 + end of P3 "whose commerce ... Oriental commerce will be ours.": USA needs new markets in Asia to sell products

Colonialism (def)
- Social justification: the white man's burden for the UK (def), manifest destiny extended to foreign people for the USA (def)
+ Economic need for new markets for agricultural & industrial goods and new supply of raw materials: 2nd IR in flow chart

2. The expansion with doc.1 & doc.2 §2 & §3

British expansion. Engraving: African, Chinese, Arab, Egyptian and Indian men + speech P2 : + SA + new colonies = worldwide empire
US expansion. Engraving: Hawaii, the Philippines, Cuba + speech P3: + Manila in the Pacific = on the way to Asia

- Colonisation (def)
- Imperialism (def)
- British & US colonial expansion leading to more British emigration and more world trade => Globalisation (def)

Stage 3 - Concluding
Assess docs (reliable/biased justified): To conclude, these documents are reliable as we have their full references and they are biased as they both promote colonisation, show the coloniser point of view.
Sum-up ideas Both docs give the economic & social justifications for the expansion of the British empire and the birth of the US empire.
+ Open
We may wonder where the British emigrated: the USA or their empire?