The Industrial Age 1815-1914 • • METHOD 1

Docs method 1

Stage 1 - Introduction: presenting the documents
Similarities: Both documents deal with the impact of the Industrial Revolution (I.R.) in the UK, in the Industrial Age 1815-1914, at the time of the 1st I.R. starting end of the 18th century.
Differences: The 1st document is an extract from a book on The Industrial Revolution in England by Arnold Toynbee published in 1864. The 2nd document is a cartoon, an engraving, about emigration published in Punch Magazine on 15 July 1848.
Give structure: In a 1st part I’ll analyse the inequality caused by the I.R. with the book & in a 2nd part I’ll emigration as a solution.

Stage 2 - Analysing the documents

DESCRIBING - What you see (docs)
EXPLAINING - What you know (notions)
1. Social inequalities with book

P1: the I.R. produced wealth. New affluent capitalists led the good life but didn’t care about their many workers.
P2: But not well-being. Workers lived in poverty (wages, prices) and worked in dreadful conditions.

- jaune Industrial revolution (def), orange capital (who), living in splendour (flow chart)

- rouge Labour (who), working conditions, living in squalor (flowchart), mauve factory system, bleu foncé trade union (def)

2. Emigration, a remedy with cartoon

On the right : here (UK). Poorly dressed, thin, downtrodden family standing in street maybe homeless and begging.
On the right: there. appy, well-dressed family sharing a plentiful meal in their comfortable home.

vert clair Push factors (def)
vert moyen Pull factors (def),
vert foncé Migration (def) -to the USA, the empire,

Stage 3 - Concluding
Assess docs: To conclude, these documents are reliable as we have their full references ; both are biased: Arnold Toynbee denounces social inequalities & John Leech seems to promote emigration.
Sum-up ideas: These docs show that the IR had a negative social impact, increasing inequalities which caused British emigration to the USA.
We may wonder if the 2nd I.R. in the USA also produced such inequalities.