The Industrial Age 1815-1914 • • METHOD 1

Stage 1 - Introduction: presenting the documents
Similarities: Both documents deal with the Industrial Revolution (IR) in Britain, in the Industrial Age 1815-1914, at the time of the 1st IR, at the end of the 18th century.
Differences: The 1st document is an engraving showing an Allegory of Steam Power or James Watt’s Dream published circa 1850. The 2nd document is a text about Signs of the Times: The Mechanical Age by Thomas Carlyle published in 1829.
Announce structure: In a 1st part I’ll analyse the economic & in a 2nd part I’ll explain the social impact of the IR.

Stage 2 - Analysing the documents

DESCRIBING - What you see (docs)
INTERPRETING - What you know (notions)
1. The economic impact of the IR (engraving + §1 of text)

Text P1 Everything is done with machines, and no longer by hand + 2 examples in production and 2 in transportation.
Engraving background = the dream: industrial landscape with factories and trains.
& foreground = the dreamer: James Watt asleep with a kettle boiling water, the steam surrounds his dream.

- IR (def), from the domestic system (def) to the factory system (def)

- 1st IR : def in flow chart except date
- with last element = thanks to steam engine, new power energy using coal

2. The social impact of the IR (§2 of text)

Text P2 (+) Many improvements: better quality of life (better food, clothes, housing) and better standard of living (income).
BUT (-) more inequalities between the rich and the poor

- Quality of life (def), the agrarian rv: new farming techniques => more food production in flow chart, standard of living (def)
- Capital & urban splendour ≠ labour & urban squalor in flow chart

Stage 3 - Concluding
Assess docs (reliable/biased justified): To conclude, these documents are reliable as we have their full references ; the engraving is unbiased (a description) but the text is biased (rather critical).
Sum-up ideas These docs show the positive and negative consequence of the 1st IR on British economy and society.
+ Open
We may wonder what were the impacts of the 2nd IR in the USA.